Effect of Street Morphology on Buildings’ Thermal Storage in a Hot and Arid Climate: Case Study of Biskra (Algeria)

K Benamor, M Benabbas



This work is an experimental study focusing on the relationship between street morphology and thermal storage in buildings. The first aim of this study is to reduce air conditioning usage in hot and arid areas, taking as example Biskra city (Algeria), during the long summer period (5 months), by reducing thermal storage. This leads to the reduction of carbon emissions to a level higher than the individual construction level in order to design a sustainable city, using measuring instruments (kimo HD 100 and Cason CA 380), we measured outdoor air temperature, wall temperature, relative humidity and wind speed on three street morphologies ; the (canyon, dihedral and open streets). These streets are different in terms of morphological indicators such as Sky View Factor (SVF) and albedo materials (a). We also applied mathematical equations across the thermal balance to calculate thermal storage. Our second goal was to identify the morphological indicators of the streets affecting the thermal storage of buildings. In this context, the obtained results showed that SVF was the most influential parameter on the heat storage.

Full Text:



Adolphe, L. (2001). Modelling the link between built environment and urban climate: towards simplified indicators of the city environment, Building Simulation, Proceedings of IBPSA (International Building Performance Simulation Association), pp. 679-684.

Ahmed Ouameur, F. (2007). Urban morphology and thermal comfort in public spaces: Comparative study between three urban forms of the city of Quebec, thesis of the master, University of Laval, Quebec.

Arantes, L., Marry, S., Baverel, O., & Quenard, D. (2016). Energy balance in the urban built environment: a" morpho-energetic" optimisation tool, CYBERGEO-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHY.

Benamor, K. (2017). L’impact de la morphologie urbaine sur la demande énergétique dans les zones arides-Cas d’un tissu urbain éparse, cité 76 logements à Biskra. Magister dissertation, University Mohamed Khider–Biskra, Algeria.

Bouyer, J. (2009). Modeling and simulation of urban microclimates: Study of the impact of urban development on the energy consumption of buildings, Doctoral Thesis, University of Nantes, France.

Colombert, M . (2008). Contribution to the analysis of the taking into account of the urban climate in the various means of intervention on the city, Doctoral Thesis, University Paris-East.

Coquillaud , S. (2015). Climate change : Nature Reserves of France, (3rd Ed.), France: Impro, Montreuil.

Golany, G. S. (1996). Urban design morphology and thermal performance. Atmospheric Environment, 30(3), 455-465.

Masson, V., Grimmond, C. S. B., & Oke, T. R. (2002). Evaluation of the Town Energy Balance (TEB) scheme with direct measurements from dry districts in two cities. Journal of applied meteorology, 41(10), 1011-1026.

Nikolopoulou, M., Baker, N., & Steemers, K. (1999). Thermal comfort in urban spaces: different forms of adaptation. Proc. REBUILD 1999: Shaping Our Cities for the 21st Century.

Oke, T. R., & Cleugh, H. A. (1987). Urban heat storage derived as energy balance residuals. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 39(3), 233-245.

Parmentier, A . (2010). Development of a decision support tool to mitigate urban heat island phenomenon, thesis of the master, Superior Technology School, University of Quebec.

Article views 85

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Civil Engineering and Architecture Faculty- University Amar Telidji of Laghouat JBMS@2019.