Effect of the heat curing on strength development of ultra-high performance fiber reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) containing dune sand and ground brick waste

Brahim Safi, Amel Aboutair, Mohammed Saidi, Youcef Ghernouti, Chahrazade Oubraham



This work aims to investigate the strength development of ultra-high performance fiber reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) containing ground dune sand (GDS) and ground brick waste (GWB) as a substitutions of cement and dune sand (DS) as an aggregate. The variables are the nature of addition (GDS and GWB) in the binder and the heat curing at different temperatures (20°C and 60°C) at 7 days of curing. Two temperatures 20°C and 60 °C were applied to samples with intermediate levels for 8 hours in total. In this study, two types of cements (CEMI and CEMII) were used to prepare UHPFRC. The GWB was replaced by GDS at levels of 10, 20 and 30% by weight. The results show that the obtained concretes develop a high mechanical performance with a suitable heat treatment according to the cement type and the used fiber. The compressive strength at 7 days of UHPFRC has increased with heat curing (at 60 °C) compared to that obtained at 28 days and measured at 20 °C. Results show also that values of compressive strength of concrete containing DS are close to those obtained by the control concrete. This study has showed that the dune sand can be used in UHPRC, and that the substitution of the GWB by GDS can provide concretes with acceptable mechanical performance.

Full Text:



Aitcin PC, Richard P (1996). The pedestrian/bikeway bridge of Sherbrooke. In Proceedings 4th International Symposium on Utilization of High-Strength/High-Performance Concrete, Paris (pp. 1399-1406).

Azzouz L, Benabed B, Belaidi ASE, Menadi B (2008). Durability of Dunes Sand Mortar in the Region of Laghouat - Algeria, The International Conference on Construction and Building Technology, Kuala Lumpur, ICCBT 2008 - A - (32) – pp.355-364.

Bédérina M (2000). Caractérisation mécanique et microstructure des bétons de sables locaux : effet des fillers et de la nature des sables sur le comportement mecanique du materiau. Mgister Thesis, University of Laghouat, Algeria (in French).

CimBéton (2013). Les bétons : formulation, fabrication et mise en œuvre. Fiches Techniques de CimBéton, Centre d'information sur les ciments et ses applications, France (Online, in French).

Dubey A, Banthia N (1998). Influence of high-reactivity metakaolin and silica fume on the flexural toughness of high-performance steel fiber-reinforced concrete. ACI Mater. J., (95):284-292.

Edrogdu S, Kurbetci S (1998). Optimum heat treatment cycle for cement of different type and composition. Cement Concrete Res., 28(11):1595-1604.

Kjellsen KO (1996). Heat curing and post curing regimes of high performance concrete: influence on microstructure and C-S-H Composition. Cement Concrete Res., 26(2): 295-307.

Richard P, Cheyrezy MH (1994). Reactive powder concretes with high ductility and 200-800 MPa compressive strength. ACI Special Publication, 144, pp. 507-518.

Rossi P, Renwez S, Guerrier F (1996). Les bétons fibrés à Ultra Haute Performance-L'expérience actuelle du LCPC. ulletin des Laboratoires des Ponts et Chaussées, (204), pp.87-95.

Tafraoui A (2009). Contribution à la valorisation du sable de dune de l'erg occidental (Algérie). Application aux nouveaux bétons. Doctorate Thesis, Toulouse University, (in French).

Tafraoui A, Lebaili S, Slimani A (2006). Study Physico-Chemical of the Sand of the Western Erg of the Area of Saoura (Western South Algeria). J. Appl. Sci., 6, 2833-2836.

Vernet C, Lukasik J, Prat E (1998). Nanostructure, porosity, permeability, and diffusivity of Ultra High Performance concrete (UHPC). Symposium international sur les bétons à haute performance et de poudres réactives, Sherbrooke, vol. 3, pp. 17-35.

Zaitri R, Bederina M, Bouziani T, Makhloufi Z, Hadjoudja M (2014). Development of high performances concrete based on the addition of grinded dune sand and limestone rock using the mixture design modelling approach. Constr. Build. Mater., 60:8-16.

Article views 770

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Civil Engineering Researcher Club - University Amar Telidji of Laghouat JBMS@2018.