Influence of some industrial wastes as a heavy aggregate on durability of concrete upon utilization in the special constructions

M Gharieb, H A El-Sayed, S A Abo-El-Enein, K Sakr, A H Ali, T M El-Sokkary



The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of some industrial wastes as a heavy aggregate on durability of the concrete after exposure to different effects. The coarse aggregates used to perform the concrete were dolomite (control) and lead slag, while fine aggregate were sand and lead slag aggregate. The physical and mechanical properties of use draw aggregates were determined also the physical and mechanical properties of different types of concrete were studied. The linear attenuation coefficients (μ) and half value layer (HVL) of gamma rays measurements have been carried out using γ-rays sources of Cs173 and Co60. Effect of sea water on the mechanical properties of high performance concrete; in addition, corrosion behavior of reinforcing steel embedded in concrete incorporating different aggregates upon exposure to sea water were studied. It was found that, the compressive strength for all concrete mixes made with dolomite and lead slag coarse aggregates satisfy the requirements of compressive strength for high performance concrete (grade-M60) after 28 days of curing in tap water. The results indicate that, the compressive strength values and gamma radiation shielding properties of concrete mix containing lead slag aggregate enhances upon replacing sand by fine portion of lead slag aggregate. The concrete mixes made with lead slag coarse aggregate proved their high endurance and could sustain sea water exposure, achieving compressive strength values exceeding grade M-60 concrete even after 6 months exposure. Lead slag concrete- in spite of its efficient durability-requires the incorporation of a corrosion inhibitor to counteract the hostile effect of the high sulfate concrete in the aggregate.

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